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Linking SDGs to climate change and sustainable energy: the perspective of long-term scenario assessments

In An Integrated Approach to Sustainable Development through SDG Interlinkages 5 2018-12

Climate change mitigation and sustainable energy are linked to many Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), therefore, effective policy-making needs to be supported by quantitative models and tools that allows identifying and understanding the implications of the interlinkages among different policy goals.
• This chapter clarifies the capability of long-term assessments of climate mitigation scenarios to analyse SDGs interlinkages, by analysing the treatment of SDGs in global scenarios from the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
• IPCC AR5 scenarios cover Goal 13 (climate action) and 7 (affordable and clean energy) in a comprehensive manner, but without information on adaptation or climate change impacts.
• Coverage of other SDGs is limited, as several goals and targets are not quantified or reported (besides Goal 3 (health), Goal 8 (work and economic growth), and Goal 9 (industry, innovation, and infrastructure)), and many of the variables included in mitigation scenarios only relate indirectly to SDGs.
• IPCC AR5 scenarios have limited capability to support the policy-making in relation to SDGs, and the analysis of SDGs interlinkages, and will need improved models or complementary tools capturing socioeconomic and geographic disparities, better suited for assessing specific sustainable development dimensions.
• Scenarios publicly available, such as those published by the IPCC, need to extend the scope of indicators reported to mainstream climate mitigation into the sustainable development policy agenda.
• Despite these limitations, scenarios point to formulating multiple policies as a single package considering multiple goals as a more effective means to realise synergies and minimise trade-offs among the SDGs.


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